What is ODI in cricket?

One Day International (ODI) is a well-known format of cricket, distinguished by a predetermined number of overs allocated to each team, typically comprising fifty overs. The current format of the cricket game possesses a globally recognized standing and serves as the established criterion for the esteemed Cricket World Cup tournament to be contested. Although frequently referred to as “Limited Overs Internationals (LOI)”, the aforementioned terminology can also be attributed to the Twenty20 International variation.

The One Day International (ODI) format originated during the latter half of the 20th century, and its inaugural official match was held on January 5, 1971, at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. The genesis of the first match between Australia and England was predicated on the exigency to mitigate the impact of inclement weather that had caused the first three days of the third Test to be cancelled. It was decided to substitute the test match with a distinct one-day game comprising of 40 eight-ball overs for each team. The match which has been marked as a significant event in history concluded in the triumph of Australia, securing their victory by a margin of five wickets.

The establishment of Kerry Packer’s World Series Cricket (WSC) in the late 1970s is widely recognized as having introduced numerous innovations that have since become integral to the current One Day International (ODI) cricket format. The aforementioned features consist of uniforms in various hues, nocturnal games facilitated by floodlights featuring a white ball and opaque sight screens, as well as augmented broadcasting through utilization of multiple camera angles, sound captured via effects microphones from the grounds, and on-screen graphics. The inaugural game featuring coloured uniforms took place between the WSC Australian team, attired in wattle gold, and their counterparts, the WSC West Indians, outfitted in coral pink. The aforementioned game transpired at VFL Park located in Melbourne, Australia on the seventeenth day of January in the year nineteen seventy-nine. The aforementioned contributions made by Kerry Packer have effectively influenced the development of cricket as a sport that is more inclined towards professionalism.

Rules ODI

In the context of One Day International (ODI) cricket, both participating teams are granted the opportunity to engage in batting for a predetermined number of overs, commonly restricted to 50 overs in accordance with contemporary regulations. The present format adheres to the standard laws of Cricket; nonetheless, several notable distinctions have been tailored to cater to its unique attributes.

The following is a simplified overview of the sequential development of an ODI.

Two contingents, each comprising of eleven competitors, engage in a competitive contest with one another. The captain who wins the toss is afforded the choice to opt for either batting or bowling (fielding) initially. In cricket, the initial batting team endeavors to establish a substantial target score during a single innings, which concludes either when the team is “all out” (signifying that 10 out of the 11 players have been dismissed) or when the team has exhausted its designated number of overs. Each individual bowler has the capacity to execute a maximum of ten overs per innings, subject to reduction in rain-affected contests, and typically constitutes no greater than one-fifth or twenty percent of the total overs of the game. The secondary batting team endeavors to exceed the predefined score to emerge victorious, whereas the secondary bowling team endeavors to restrain the adversary team’s score below the target. In the event that both teams achieve an equal quantity of runs, independent of the number of wickets relinquished, the contest shall be deemed to conclude as a draw. On occasion, alterations to the total number of overs may occur as a result of meteorological circumstances, thereby resulting in a revised objective score that is calculated utilizing the Duckworth-Lewis methodology. In the context of limited overs cricket, if there is an insufficient number of overs played to utilize the Duckworth-Lewis method, the match will be officially declared as having ’no result’. In high stakes One-Day Internationals, and particularly during major tournaments, it may be deemed necessary to allocate an additional day for play to ensure a conclusive outcome. This may involve the commencement of a fresh game, or the continuation of the previously rain-disrupted match on the designated ‘reserve day’.

ODI teams

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the body that designates teams with the One Day International (ODI) status, signifying that matches played between such teams under standard one-day rules are categorically classified as ODIs. The decile of nation-states that engage in Test cricket and possess full membership of ICC, possess an enduring accreditation for One Day International cricket. The aforementioned entities comprise Australia, England, New Zealand, Pakistan, West Indies, India, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Bangladesh, and South Africa. Since 2005, six Associate/Affiliate members have been conferred with temporary One Day International (ODI) status for four-year tenures based on their performance in the International Cricket Council (ICC) World Cricket League. This enumeration encompasses the following countries: Kenya, Canada, Ireland, Netherlands, Scotland, and Afghanistan. Several countries have been bestowed with esteemed One Day International (ODI) status, specifically for prominent tournaments. These countries include East Africa, the United Arab Emirates, Namibia, Hong Kong, and the United States. Finally, specific amalgamated teams have participated in matches of complete One Day International (ODI) status during various series, including the World Cricket Tsunami Appeal, Afro-Asia Cup, and the International Cricket Council (ICC) Super Series.


Conclusively, One Day Internationals (ODIs) have substantiated as a prevailing configuration in cricket, proffering an equilibrium between the rapidly-evolving exhilaration of Twenty20s and the intellectual profundity of Test cricket. Since its inception in the early 1970s, it has revolutionized the modality and perception of cricket on a global scale. Several nations have been conferred with One Day International (ODI) status by the International Cricket Council (ICC), underscoring the format’s worldwide attractiveness and its function in disseminating the charisma of cricket to diverse regions across the globe. The impact of One Day Internationals (ODIs) on the development of cricket has been noteworthy, revealing the dynamic nature of the sport as a continuously progressing global phenomenon rather than a mere pastime.

More Articles